Don’t Drink the Water (Part 3)

August 4, 2008 at 6:00 am 2 comments

Q: What do the atomic bomb, pesticides, and the water we drink have in common?
A: Fluoride.

Seventy-five percent of all Americans get their drinking water from a supply that is fluorinated. For years we have been lead to believe that it’s introduction was to improve public health, but in reality, it is slowly killing us.

In 1901, a Colorado Springs dentist, Frederic K. McKay, asked the his fellow dentists to help him find an explanation for the “Colorado brown stain,” a discoloring of teeth that was common to residents living in the shadow of Pikes Peak. While he noted that Pike’s Peak residents’ teeth were mottled, he was more interested in discovering why that particular group were less prone to dental cavities. What he discovered was that the water the residents were drinking was laced with calcium fluoride. Due to the lack of more sophisticated research methods, the researchers assumed that, since fluoride discolored teeth, and those discolored teeth resisted decay, then fluoride reduces decay. What they overlooked was that the waters were also calcium and magnesium rich, which we now know is essential for strong bones and teeth.

Despite the lack of an established link between fluoride and cavity reduction, word of the dentists’ findings spread through the dental community. Finally, in January of 1945, sodium fluoride was added to a water supply for the first time in Grand Rapids, Michigan as part of a large scale human experiment. The population of nearby Muskegon acted as the non-fluoridated control group. However, six years into a study that was planned to last 15 years, Muskegon began demanding the same fluoride ‘benefits’ as Grand Rapids.

Meanwhile, in New York, Dr. David Ast, the State Dental Director began his own ten-year fluoridation experiment. He started by fluoridating Newburgh’s water supply to 1 part per million keeping the town of Kingston non-fluoridated so he could compare results. Five years into the experiment, fluoridation was declared a success in Newburgh despite the fact that children born into the experiment had not yet erupted their permanent teeth. Researchers reported that children had no ill effects from drinking fluoridated water. However, any child who was sick two weeks before the physical check-up was excluded from the examination thereby excluding the very children who many have been having side effects to fluoride. Adults were not included in the study.

Within two years of the first introduction of fluoride into a public water supply, despite lacking long term results of the effects on humans, officials in several other cities started water fluoridation – among them Brantford, Ontario; Sheboygan, Wisconsin; Marshall, Texas; Evanston, Illionois; Midland, Michigan; and Lewiston, Idaho. Impatient Wisconsin dentists were also eager to get on the fluoridation bandwagon and by 1949, 85% of Wisconsin’s urban population was fluoridated.

In spite of resistance from the American Dental Association (ADA) and other scientific organizations, in 1950 the United States Public Health Service gave into political pressure and finally endorsed fluoridation. The ADA followed suit though the Grand Rapids/Muskegon and Newburgh/Kingston fluoridation trials were still in progress.

Today, two thirds of U.S. public drinking water is fluoridated, though many municipalities still resist the practice, despite the government’s assurances of safety. Nearly fifty years after fluoride was introduced into public water supplies, declassified government documents are shedding new light on the roots of that still-controversial public health measure, revealing a surprising connection between fluoride and the dawning of the nuclear age.

According to the documents, fluoride was a key component to atomic bomb production. Massive quantities of fluoride were essential for the manufacture of bomb-grade uranium and plutonium for nuclear weapons throughout the Cold War. One of the most toxic chemicals known, fluoride rapidly emerged as the leading chemical health hazard of the U.S atomic bomb program–both for workers and for nearby communities, the documents reveal. Much of the research data supporting fluoride as safe for human consumption in low doses was generated by A-bomb program scientists. However, much of the research was performed in a direct answer to litigation brought against the government due to fluoride injury to citizens. The first lawsuits against the U.S. A-bomb program were not over radiation, but over fluoride damage.

To generate the much needed data, human studies were required. Bomb program researchers played a leading role in the design and implementation of the most extensive U.S. study of the health effects of fluoridating public drinking water. The study was conducted between 1945 to 1956 and is reportedly linked to the New York fluoride studies. According to the documents from the previously classified ‘Program F’, the scientists gathered and analyzed blood and tissue samples from Newburgh, New York citizens, with the cooperation of State Health Department personnel. What the research revealed was that fluoride, though touted for it’s ability to strengthen tooth enamel, in reality leeches calcium from the body weakening not only teeth but the human bone structure as well. In recent years, pediatric bone specialists have expressed alarm about an increase in stress fractures among American youth. “The teeth are windows to what’s happening in the bones,” explains Paul Connett, Professor of Chemistry at St. Lawrence University.

Ten years after the introduction of fluoride into the public water supply in Newburgh, NY, the State University of New York reported that children in fluoridated Newburgh had more cortical bone defects and hemoglob anemia than the control city of Kingston. More recent research shows children in fluoridated Newburgh have more tooth decay and more dental fluorosis than Kingston, which to this day has never had fluoride introduced. Ironically, a new study reported that fluoride is a topical solution and therefore the ingestion of fluoride provides no benefit. However, it was discovered that dental fluorosis is caused by drinking fluoride, meaning dentists have actually created the problem they sought to remedy in the American population. It is without surprise that the U.S. Surgeon General declared tooth decay at epidemic proportions in the US population while dental fluorosis is reportedly becoming a new public health problem and tooth decay has risen in US children in direct relation to their fluoride overdose symptoms.

Our European neighbor, Great Britian, though originally a participant in the fluoridation of public water systems stopped adding fluoride to a majority of their public water systems in the mid-90s. With now less than 10% of Great Britian’s drinking water contaminated with fluoride, reports show tooth decay to be drastically diminished.

By briansrapier

[via, Fluoride Dangers blog, Fluoride History, and Prevention Magazine]


Entry filed under: Health, Informational, Research. Tags: , , , .

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2 Comments Add your own

  • 1. scienceguy288  |  August 4, 2008 at 9:48 am

    Well I may have wonderful teeth, I am slowly dying. Se la vie.

  • 2. Don’t Drink the Water (Part 3)  |  August 11, 2008 at 8:03 am

    […] Go to the author’s original blog: Don’t Drink the Water (Part 3) […]


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